HB 4545 Isn’t So Bad      

Ok, I’m lying.  It is a ridiculous and an incredibly stupid piece of legislation, thrown together and pushed down onto schools with no grassroots input or support by a bunch of knee jerk politicians in thrall to for profit tutoring, software, and publishing companies.  It reinforces both the idea that STAAR is a valid measure of anything, and that raising performance on STAAR is of vital import to the state.  It furthers the transfer of needed education dollars from the classroom to the hands of political cronies.  Business as usual in #TxEd.

But that’s not what I want to talk about.  I want to talk about whether – from the perspective of the parent – HB 4545 makes things better or worse, and more specifically whether it should have any impact at all on the decision to opt out of assessment.  I am going to say right up front, it is a net positive for parents and should make the decision to opt out easier, rather than harder.  How do I come to this conclusion?

1 – HB 4545 Eliminates STAAR Based Promotion and Retention

The greatest deterrent that schools ever held over Opt Out parents was the threat of retention in 5th and 8th grade.  Of course, it was really just a threat as we never saw a single Opt Out student retained.  In fact, the very few instances of a retention based on STAAR that we were familiar with involved students who actually attempted but failed the assessment.  For students that were absent or refused, we never saw a single student retained.  But now, even that threat is gone, eliminated by HB 4545.  Now some schools are pointing to TEA and Education code guidance the STAAR results must be “considered” as part of promotion, and that language does exist, but we have to dwell in reality.  When STAAR WAS a promotion requirement, nobody with passing grades was being retained over STAAR.  Now that it is  no longer a requirement, that simply isn’t going to change.  All districts have a promotion policy, and as the policies are amended to reflect HB 4545, I do not expect to see STAAR mentioned explicitly in any of them.  Moreover, if you do not take it, or refuse it without answering, there really is no data to “consider.”  This is another reason we do not recommend choosing all one answer or random bubbling.  Those tactics do create data.  Particularly in random bubbling, it will be exceedingly difficult to disavow your data.

2 – The Accelerated Instruction (AI/Tutoring) Has Always Existed

Amazingly, as HB 4545 came into play, I have seen parents come into an anti-STAAR group and bemoan how much they would like to opt out, but they just cannot fathom their child having 30, 60 or even 90 hours of tutoring to complete.  But this complaint just shows how easily swayed parents are by the rhetoric of these schools.  The schools warn “HB 4545 TUTORING!” as if the sky is falling, but any parent who has opted out in the past will tell you that the schools have always tried to impose accelerated instruction on Opt Out kids and STAAR failers alike.  And they have done it in the summer.  And they have done it in the school year. They’ve done it outside school hours.  And yes, it was and always has been “subject to compulsory attendance.”  There is nothing new here from HB 4545. The only thing new here is that HB 4545 has put a number of hours on it.  Now, in a sense that is a step backwards, because the previous statute did not specify an amount of AI to be completed. The SSI manual confirmed this and said the school could tailor it to the needs of the students.  Many parents were successful in arguing that they could meet the requirements with a 15-minute online worksheet.  So, in a sense the 30-hour mandate is a step backward.  But in reality, it is MUCH BETTER than what students often faced.  Especially as we hit middle school and high school, the standard approach of the schools was to conduct AI by taking away electives from kids and sticking them into full year, full class period STAAR prep “classes”.  The state even tacitly encouraged this by providing a pot of money for these AI classes that schools could use to cover portions of their teacher salaries. Consultants would advise districts on how to maximize their funds with these STAAR prep classes, so you can imagine schools were reluctant to let kids escape them.  So rather the 30 hours of AI per subject, students might see 175 hours per subject, but it was hidden as a “class.” What we do know is that almost every opt out was followed by a fight over preserving electives and declining AI.  So, while HB 4545 has put numbers to this tutoring requirement, it really has not added anything new.  And I think most students who were stuck in a STAAR prep class would have happily traded that for 30 hours of tutoring.

3 – It is Easier to Decline the AI

So, having accepted that one concrete downside of HB 4545 is a set number of hours for AI, why does this not bother me more?  Simple.  The TEA has given us a gift. Now, we have always held that opt out applies to accelerated instruction.  We have authored multiple articles and form letters for this purpose.  But this year, the TEA actually examined the issue.  More importantly, they did so in a way that makes clearer what they believe.  TEA guidance is always very murky and equivocal.  When they first put out their HB 4545 FAQ, they already anticipated our opt out approach and advised that “NO” a parent cannot opt out of HB 45454 AI.  But then something happened.  They went back and rethought that answer.  And while their analysis of the question is not as sharp as it should be, it does recognize that HB 4545 AI falls into the same category as almost every other opt out situation – no language that removes it from opt out, and no specific opt out written into the bill.  What they do not say is that when this is the case, we apply the general opt out rule of 26.010 — which means you can definitely opt out.  And the TEA communicates this in two ways: first, the FAQ no longer says “NO.”  Granted it is about three paragraphs of equivocation, but at the end it notes that schools can accommodate these parental decisions via INFORMAL process.  This means you do not have to file an appeal or a grievance.  There is not a hearing process.  You can simply give your notice; the school can remove the child from AI, noting your opt out, and all parties will have followed the law.  We never had this with AI under the Student Success Initiative.  So, while the length of AI floor is higher under HB 4545, the ability to remove your student from it is now affirmed by the TEA.

4 – Students Are Not Subject to Losing Electives

Finally, one of the true fears that parents used to have over opting out was that as a result of AI, their student would be denied electives.  If the kid was an artist, athlete or just in need of an enriching curriculum, opting out threatened to interfere with those objectives.  Now most parents could usually negotiate some kind of compromise; but not always.  We dealt with some stubborn and punitive districts.  Thankfully, they were the exception and not the rule.  But there was almost always a process and a negotiation.  Under HB 4545, a school is forbidden to remove a student from foundation or enrichment curriculum or PE to administer tutoring.  So, loss of electives should no longer be an issue.

As I look at HB 4545 from a parent’s perspective, while I find it annoying, I also find that on balance the situation is far, far better for parents.  Worse for schools to be sure; worse for teachers also.  But I am here from the parent perspective.  Does HB 4545 make it harder or easier to fight STAAR by opting out and refusing to be part of the data collection for the TEA?  It clearly makes it easier.  It clearly lowers the stakes.  And this is true from both a theoretical and practical standpoint.  Any parent who raises HB 4545 as a reason not to opt out has not studied either the history of AI or the full scope of HB 4545 and its implementation.  As opt out parents, HB 4545 is a mere annoyance at worst, and a help at best.

March 12, 2022


March 12, 2022

Comments (16)

  • On point #3, can you send me the link to where this paragraph is in the law?

    My kid has a concussion and has a doctor’s note that he can’t take the test. His school is telling me he will be subjected to HB4545 tutoring hours. My school (which he is transferring to, said I could opt out, but at our school board meeting, the board members were saying that we can’t opt out and just file grievances on how HB4545 was administered or delivered.

    On a side note: TEA does not consider concussions a valid medical exemption.

    • That’s not how it works. We have a law, sec. 26.010 that lets you opt out of classes and other school activities for religious or moral reasons. There are only two exceptions to this, neither of which apply to AI. For 26.010 to not apply to HB 4545, the law would have to remove it from 26.010. It would not, under any theory of statutory construction, have to specifically include a law that already applies to it. The burden is on them to show you where the law says 26.010 does not apply, not vice versa.

      See also Expressio Unius Est Exclusio Alterius

  • Hello. I have two students the school is saying they will be held back and or they can take a thirty hour summer school class,my 4th grader has not passed math star and they are say she will be held back if she dose not take these summer classes. They are having 6 children per her teacher from the school which she attends. They have already put her in a reading and math intervention classes for this year so far and I do not want to make her take away her summer vacation to CA. We have planed this all year so we had to wait until the end of this school year. Now the school is threatening to hold her back this coming year if she doesn’t take this 8 day thirty hours of math why and can I just so no and opt her out.??? Second I received a second paper for my 2nd grader to take both classes thirty hours for each subject. I know nothing about all this hb4545 and I need help to opt out and I do not want them to hold either of them back for the next year 22,23. The 4th grader has already take a intervention class most of the year already,which she says the kept her in class with another teacher during her recess activity time. I. Very frustrated at this point. My grand children had lost thier father do to a car hitting him in 2020,then covid hit us in that whole year which hasn’t been easy on them or myself and my wife. We moved here from CA and have no idea how to even get started over here with this hb4545. Can someone help us,and if so where do we start to opt out.?? My email is mossdestry1@gmail.com, if there is anyone please contact me as soon as possible 🙏. We were supposed to leave to CA this week,and now …???. Thank you..

      • The two are in 2nd,and 4th graders and they have been a little behind the school says. They both have already been put in a intervention class this passed year,2021,2022. My question is why do we have to have them attend summer school and is it required for them to pass on to the next grade. The school has told me and the child if she doesn’t take the summer school classes thT they will hold the 4th grader back to do the grade all o er again.. we are very upset at this point do to our summer vacation time was to leave the weak school was out to California. WE live in tool taxas. I am concerned about how the school creates their own rules on the child takes classes of intervention during the school year ,in which took their time of socializing with other students away from them ,and then they,the school, still after the whole year of intervention class still wants them to take a summer class.. sorry if I did not put the school information,(Malakoff ISD In tool texas.) I have a meeting with the principle today at 1:00pm Tues may 31. I want to know if I can still opt them out and make plans for the school year 2022 2023 for them to have these intervention classes so they are not deprived of their vacation time. Now sense them have already given them these intervention classes this year 2021 2022 are they allowed to bill for furtherance or are they just trying to keep the money coming in for their personal pockets not the children’s well being.??? I am willing to understand that due to a lot of issues like loosing their father and covid my grandchildren have had a negative impact on thier lives. In turn they might be somewhat behind. I am willing to give the school a chance in the following year to get the help they need,but they have had the time to help them it seems this past school year,and failed to do so. This all seems like it is a financially based problem with this s hool. This school personally doesn’t really seem to be worried about the children. Just new way to make more money,or why didn’t the intervention clas help them this past year. Sorry for my rant about this but I am frustrated with the school and how they have done numerous injustices far as my grandchildren are concernd..concerned… I would like to speak to someone about all of this if possible. The text thing doesn’t do the trick for me.

  • My son, a high functioning student on the autism spectrum (who will likely NEVER pass a single STAAR exam) who is transitioning to high school has just gotten the first of those “Hey, didn’t pass, AI is your future…” calls. How can we put to rest, once for all, that STAAR means nothing as far as measuring his learning and be done with the nonsense that is ‘standardized testing’ on a neurodivergent, non-standard learner?

  • My child just completed 8th grade and failed the STAAR and we are now being told he is required to participate in HB4545 secondary summer tutoring for 30 hours this summer. He passed all of his8th grade classes with mostly Bs and a couple of As. Do we have any recourse for him NOT to have to complete the 30-hours of summer instruction required by HB4545? If so, how do we go about opting out or filing a grievance? I should also add that he is dyslexic and on a 405. Thank you!

  • My nephew has autism and was held back in 5th grade in a Texas school for not passing the reading test. Can they do that?

  • My son mastered the reading staar and approached in math for 7th grade. He is in 8th grade this year but is still being required to do 100 minutes of high impact training. I think it’s a waste of time in reading since he mastered grade level. Do I have the right to fight that? He is being held accountable to the same tutoring hours of students who did not pass. What can I do?

    • If he passed the STAAR, he is not required to do any of it. He is not subject to HB 4545. Now please consider stopping participation in this punitive system.

  • Found this website by chance after receiving a phone call about AI tutoring hours for summer school. 4th grader, NO STAAR results will be released till August 18-19th, passing classes but with extra help and extra credit. Already was being pulled from electives to do remedial classes- Tier 3 intervention. Now saying summer school is optional but if we opt out, they’ll lose electives and be unable to participate in any extra curricular programs. Been at school 30 mins early and 1 hour late mon, tues, thurs, fri all year long for tutorials- why aren’t those counting towards anything? And how do I respond. I feel backed into a corner. They already struggle with school, I don’t want them to lose the only enrichment classes they have through those art and music electives. Already have a 504 plan in place.

    • All lies. Under HB 4545 they are not allowed to remove kids from electives. And there is a new law passing that will give you even more opt out rights. I would tell them no summer school and they should know it is illegal to remove electives for AI.

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